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An indwelling urinary catheter is a thin, hollow tube that drains urine from your urethra and bladder. The catheter stays in the bladder to drain urine into a collecting bag.
What is a bladder infection? A bladder infection, also called cystitis, is a type of urinary tract infection. How does it occur? Bacteria are the usual cause of infection. Normally there should be no bacteria in the urinary tract. Bacteria that cause UTI often spread from the rectum or vagina to the urethra and then…
A blister is a bubble of fluid under the outer layer of skin. The fluid may be clear or filled with blood or pus. There are many possible causes of blisters including a burn, disease, an allergic reaction, or from your skin rubbing against something. Blisters caused by your skin rubbing against something are called friction blisters and most commonly occur on feet or hands.
When blood clots, it changes from a liquid to a solid. This is part of the body’s normal response to an injury. Normal clotting occurs within seconds and helps limit blood loss by sealing damaged blood vessels when there is an injury. As the body heals, the blood clots dissolve and are reabsorbed by the body without causing problems. However, sometimes blood clots can block the flow of blood and oxygen through a blood vessel. The result can be a heart attack, stroke, loss of vision, blood clots in the lung, or other problems.
This test measures the amount of glucose (sugar) in your blood. Sugar is an important source of energy, especially for the brain. The amount of glucose in your blood is carefully controlled by the endocrine (glandular) system. This system causes sugar to be stored or used for energy, depending on the needs of your body.
Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your blood vessels (arteries) as the heart pumps blood. Over time if the pressure rises and stays high, it can damage the body in many ways.
There are several different types of medicine that can treat high blood pressure. High blood pressure makes the heart work harder and can weaken the blood vessels. If it is not treated, high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure.
A blood transfusion is the transfer of blood or any of its parts from one person to another. Examples of parts of the blood that may be given are red blood cells, plasma, and clotting factors. The part of the blood that is given depends on the problem being treated.
A boil is a type of infected sore on the skin. The sore is raised, red, painful, and filled with pus. A carbuncle is a large severe boil or group of boils that develop close together due to the spread of the infection.
WHAT IS A BONE DENSITY TEST? A bone density test is a special X-ray exam to see if your bones are healthy and strong. The test measures the density and strength of your bones. The most common test is called a DXA or DEXA scan. This test is different from a bone scan, which looks…