If you are having any symptoms or have any questions, please call 811 to speak with a registered nurse 24 hours a day.
Body piercing is when a hole is made in your skin or through a part of your body so you can add a piece of jewelry for decoration. The earlobe is the most common body piercing. Some people also pierce their ear cartilage (the hard part around the ear). Other common places to pierce include the eyebrow, nose, tongue, lip, belly button, nipples and genitals.
Path to improved health
Piercings should always be done in a clean environment using sterile (clean and germ-free) equipment. This is the best way to lower your risk of infection.
How is piercing performed?
A single-use, sterilized piercing gun is typically used to insert an earring into the earlobe. For other parts of the body, a hollow needle is used to pierce a hole in the skin. The person doing the piercing will insert a piece of jewelry into the hole.
The safest piercing guns are single-use guns. That means it’s only used on one customer and then thrown away. This decreases the risk of infection. Piercing guns with sterilized disposable cassettes are also acceptable. But they don’t promise the same level of sterilizing that single-use piercing guns do.
Don’t receive a piercing from a reusable piercing gun that does not have sterilized disposable cassettes. These types of piercing guns cannot be autoclaved. An autoclave is a sterilization machine that uses heat to sterilize all non-disposable piercing tools. It helps make sure all tools are clean before they touch your body. It is an important piece of equipment in a clean piercing shop. Not being able to autoclave a piercing gun increases the risk of infection.
Also, don’t have a piercing performed with a piercing gun on any part of your body except your ear. Doing so can crush the skin and cause more injury than a piercing performed with a hollow needle.
Who should perform my body piercing?
Before getting a piercing, do some research. Find a clean, safe piercing shop. Choose a professional with a good reputation to perform the piercing.
Do not pierce yourself or let anyone pierce you who is not a professional. This will help prevent infection. Select the body site and jewelry carefully. Avoid jewelry made or nickel or brass, which can cause allergic reactions. Look for jewelry made of titanium, 14-carat gold or surgical-grade steel
The person doing the piercing should:
- Wash their hands with a germicidal soap before doing the piercing
- Wear disposable gloves
- Use disposable or sterilized tools
- Use a new needle to do the piercing
Things to consider
Health risks from body piercing include:
- allergic reactions
- keloids (a type of scar that forms as your skin heals)
Infection is the most common problem you may have after getting a piercing. People have a hard time recognizing if their piercing is infected. They confuse the infection for a piercing that is healing.
Signs of infection include:
- Red, swollen skin around the pierced area.
- Pain when touching the pierced area.
- A yellowish, foul-smelling discharge coming from the piercing.
What increases my risk of problems from body piercing?
Many things can affect your body’s immune system and your ability to fight infection. Be sure to tell the person piercing you if you have diabetes, heart problems, a weakened immune system or any other medical conditions. If you take steroids or blood thinners, contact your healthcare provider before you get a piercing.
How can I prevent an infection?
Make sure you take care of your piercing. The person performing your piercing will probably recommend cleaning the area with warm water and soap twice a day, as well as using a liquid medicated cleanser and gently moving the piercing around. For a tongue or lip piercing, you will need to use an antibacterial mouth rinse after meals to prevent infection.
How are infections treated?
It is very important to contact your healthcare provider if you think you might have an infection. Delaying treatment can result in a more serious infection. Be sure to leave your jewelry in unless your healthcare provider tells you to take it out. Leaving the jewelry in can ensure proper drainage and prevent an abscess (a collection of pus) from forming. In many cases, the infection can be treated without losing the piercing.
Minor infections may be treated with the following:
- Over-the-counter medicines that you rub on your skin, such as an antibiotic ointment
- A warm compress applied to the irritated piercing
- Mild sea salt soaks