High Blood Pressure – Blood Pressure Monitoring At Home
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Many people monitor their blood pressure at home. They often do this to manage or treat a certain health condition. If you monitor your blood pressure at home, keep a record, or log, of the measurements. The record shows your healthcare provider how your blood pressure changes throughout the day. If you take medicines to control your blood pressure, it will help document if they are working. Measuring your blood pressure at home is a good way to take part in managing your health.
Path to improved well being
What equipment do I need to measure my blood pressure?
To measure your blood pressure at home, you can use either an aneroid monitor or a digital monitor. Choose the type of monitor that best suits your needs. Look at the following features when you select a monitor.
- Size: The right cuff size is very important. The cuff size you need is based on the size of your arm. You can ask a doctor, nurse, or pharmacist to help you. Blood pressure readings can be wrong if your cuff is the wrong size.
- Price: Cost may be a key factor. Home blood pressure units vary in price. You may want to shop around to find the best deal. Keep in mind that pricey units may not be the best or most accurate.
- Display: The numbers on the monitor should be easy for you to read.
- Sound: You must be able to hear your heartbeat through the stethoscope.
Tests show that finger and wrist devices do not always provide correct measurements. These devices are sensitive to placement and body temperature. They also are expensive and can cost more than $100.
The aneroid monitor manually checks your blood pressure. It has a gauge that is read by looking at a pointer on a dial. The cuff is placed around your upper arm and inflated by hand, by squeezing a rubber bulb.
Aneroid monitors often cost less than digital monitors. They range in price from about $20 to $60. The cuff has a built-in stethoscope. You don’t need to buy a separate one. The unit may have a feature that makes it easy to put the cuff on with one hand. It also is portable and can be carried easily from one place to another.
There are some drawbacks to the aneroid monitor. It is a complex device that can be damaged easily and become less accurate. The device may be hard to use if it doesn’t have a metal ring to tighten the cuff. This is what makes it easier to put on the cuff. Additionally, the rubber bulb that inflates the cuff may be hard to squeeze. This type of monitor may not be best for hearing-impaired people, because of the need to listen to your heartbeat through the stethoscope.
Digital monitors are more popular for measuring blood pressure. They often are easier to use than aneroid units. The digital monitor has a gauge and stethoscope in one unit. It also has an error indicator. The blood pressure reading displays on a small screen. This may be easier to read than a dial. Some units even have a paper printout that gives you a record of the reading.
Inflation of the cuff is either automatic or manual, depending on the model. Deflation is automatic. Digital monitors are good for hearing-impaired patients, since there is no need to listen to your heartbeat through the stethoscope.
There are some drawbacks to the digital monitor. Body movements or an irregular heart rate can affect its accuracy. Some models only work on the left arm. This can make them hard for some patients to use. Digital monitors are more expensive. They range in price from about $50 to more than $100. They also require batteries.
How do I know if my monitor is accurate or if I am using it correctly?
Once you buy your monitor, take it to your healthcare provider’s office to be checked for accuracy. You should have your monitor checked once a year. Proper care and storage are also necessary. Make sure the tubing is not twisted when the monitor is stored, and keep it away from heat. Periodically check the tubing for cracks and leaks.
Ask your healthcare provider or nurse to teach you how to use your blood pressure monitor correctly. Proper use of it will help you and your healthcare provider achieve good results in controlling your blood pressure.
How do I measure my blood pressure?
Before you check your blood pressure, you should:
- Wait 30 minutes after eating or using caffeine, alcohol, or tobacco products.
- Go to the bathroom and empty your bladder.
- Rest for 3 to 5 minutes before measuring your blood pressure. Do not talk.
- Sit in a comfortable position, with your legs and ankles uncrossed and your back supported.
- Elevate your left arm to the level of your heart. Place it on a table or desk and sit still.
- Wrap the cuff around the upper part of your bare arm. The cuff should be smooth and snug. There should be enough room for you to slip one fingertip under the cuff.
- Check the placement of the cuff. The bottom edge of it should be 1 inch above the crease of your elbow
Below are the steps to take to use an aneroid monitor.
- Put the stethoscope ear pieces into your ears, with the ear pieces facing forward.
- Place the stethoscope disk on the inner side of the crease of your elbow.
- Rapidly inflate the cuff by squeezing the rubber bulb to 30 to 40 points higher than your last systolic reading. Inflate the cuff rapidly, not just a little at a time. Inflating the cuff too slowly will cause a false reading.
- Slightly loosen the valve and slowly let some air out of the cuff. Deflate the cuff by 2 to 3 millimeters per second. If you loosen the valve too much, you won’t be able to determine your blood pressure.
- As you let the air out of the cuff, you will begin to hear your heartbeat. Listen carefully for the first sound. Check the blood pressure reading by looking at the pointer on the dial. This number will be your systolic pressure.
- Continue to deflate the cuff. Listen to your heartbeat. You will hear your heartbeat stop at some point. Check the reading on the dial. This number is your diastolic pressure.
- Write down your blood pressure, with the systolic pressure before the diastolic pressure (for example, 120/80).
- If you want to repeat the measurement, wait 2 to 3 minutes before re-inflating the cuff.
Below are the steps to take to use a digital monitor.
- Turn the power on to start the unit.
- On the automatic models, the cuff will inflate by itself with a push of a button. On the manual models, you have to inflate the cuff. You do this by squeezing the rubber bulb at a rapid rate.
- After the cuff inflates, the automatic device will slowly let air out.
- Look at the display screen to get your blood pressure reading. It will show your systolic and diastolic pressures. Write down the measurement in your record. The systolic pressure goes in front of the diastolic pressure. For example, 120/80.
- Press the exhaust button to release all of the air from the cuff.
- If you need to repeat the measurement, wait 2 to 3 minutes before starting.
Things to consider
What does my blood pressure reading mean?
According to Heart and Stroke Canada:
Blood pressure categories:
Systolic / Diastolic
120 / 80
121-134 / 80/84
135+ / 85+
*If you have diabetes or kidney disease, what is considered high blood pressure may be lower than for other people. Contact your healthcare provider about what is considered high blood pressure for you.
- Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of the artery.
- Hypertension means high blood pressure.
- Hypotension means low blood pressure.
- Brachial artery is a blood vessel that goes from your shoulder to just below your elbow. You measure the pressure in this artery.
- Systolic pressure is the highest pressure in an artery when your heart is pumping blood to your body.
- Diastolic pressure is the lowest pressure in an artery when your heart is at rest.
- Blood pressure measurement is made up of both the systolic and the diastolic pressure. It is normally written like this: 120/80, with the systolic (top) number first.
Only a healthcare provider can diagnose you with high blood pressure. Contact your healthcare provider if you have high readings for several days. Be sure to take your blood pressure log with you to the visit.
Hypotension, or low blood pressure, happens when your systolic pressure is consistently below 90–or 25 points below your normal reading. This can be determined by several blood pressure readings over several days. Hypotension can be a sign of shock, which is a life threatening condition. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you are dizzy or fainting.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Hypertension Canada at: