Weight Issues in Children
If you are having any symptoms or have any questions, please call 811 to speak with a registered nurse 24 hours a day.
How do I know if my child is overweight?
It may be hard for you to tell if your child is overweight. As children grow and develop, some weight changes are normal. If you’re concerned about your child’s weight, contact your family healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider will use a chart to find out your child’s ideal weight. If your child is heavier than 95% of other children who are the same age and height, they are considered to be overweight.
How can I teach my child better eating habits?
Weight problems can be very hard to fix, so it’s important to prevent the problem if possible. Here are some tips to help keep your child at a healthy weight:
- Provide a healthy diet for your child. Determine how many calories your child should eat, and read the Nutrition Facts Table when eating packaged food. In general, be sure to provide plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Your family healthcare provider or a dietitian can answer any questions you have about what to feed your child.
- Children shouldn’t drink more than 125 to 175 mL (4 to 6 oz) of sugar-sweetened beverages, such as fruit juice, sweetened or flavored milk per day. Limit or avoid fruit drinks, regular-calorie soft drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, and sweetened iced tea. Instead, have them drink water as much as possible. Contact your family healthcare provider or a dietitian to talk about your child’s diet.
- Get the whole family to start eating a healthier diet, so your child won’t feel alone and will have role models to look up to.
- Eat meals and snacks together, as a family, and at the table, not in front of the TV.
- Limit the amount of time your child spends watching TV, playing video games, or sitting in front of a computer to a maximum of 2 hours per day.
- Encourage your child to eat slowly, and not eat if they are starting to feel full.
- Don’t make your child eat when they aren’t hungry – it’s okay if your child doesn’t eat everything on their plate at every meal.
- Don’t use food to comfort or to reward your child.
- Don’t offer dessert as a reward for finishing a meal. Doing this teaches your child to value sweets more than other foods.
- Fast food is typically very high in calories, saturated fat and trans fat, so limit visits to fast-food restaurants to a maximum of once per week.
- Spend time being active with your child–go on family walks and play outdoor games together whenever you can.
- Be a good role model – make sure that you are making healthy food choices and incorporating exercise into your life, too!
If my child is overweight now, will they always have a weight problem?
Not all heavy children have weight problems as adults. However, as children get older, their risk for remaining overweight increases. The risk is even higher if one or both parents are also overweight. If your child is overweight, it is important to deal with the issue sooner rather than later.
Could my child’s weight problem be caused by a hormonal imbalance?
Most overweight children do not have a hormone imbalance. Children who have a hormone imbalance grow slower than other children and they often have other symptoms, such as fatigue, constipation or dry skin. If your child has these symptoms, contact your healthcare provider.
How can I help my child lose weight?
The best way for your child to lose weight is for the entire family to eat healthier and to exercise more. As a parent, you can help your child do both. Be patient – it may take some time. Don’t limit how much food your child can eat. Instead, offer food that is healthier, such as fruits and vegetables. At the same time, don’t put too much focus on their weight. Make sure you praise your child for their strengths, to build self-esteem.
How can I help my child get more physical activity?
- One of the best things you can do for your child is to limit TV time. Instead, suggest playing tag, having foot races, skating and playing other active games. Encourage your child to join school and community sports teams. Take the whole family on walks and bike rides whenever possible. Playing organized sports or martial arts, while helpful for personal growth and self-esteem, do not provide enough exercise to help a child lose weight, so find ways to add more activity to their day.
- By encouraging physical activity and involving the whole family, your child is more likely to continue an active lifestyle as they mature.
Can medicine help my child lose weight?
No diet medicines are safe for children.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
Dietitians of Canada
Childhood Obesity: Highlights of AMA Expert Committee Recommendations by Goutham Rao, MD (07/01/08, http://www.aafp.org/afp/20080701/56.html)