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What is a sty?
A sty is a painful, red bump that forms on the edge of your eyelid. It may look like an acne pimple. The medical term for a sty is hordeolum (say: hor-dee-oh-lum).
A sty forms when bacteria get into the root of your eyelash (also called the follicle). This causes the oil glands in your eyelid to become blocked and infected. Sties may cause discomfort, but they are not usually serious and are easy to treat. They are very common, especially in children.
What eye problems are similar to sties?
A chalazion (say: keh-lay-zee-on) is a firm (but less painful) bump in the middle of the eyelid. It is caused by an inflamed, blocked gland. A chalazion may also cause blurry vision. Treatment for a chalazion is similar to treatment for a sty; however, the bump may not go away for 2 to 8 weeks.
What does a sty feel like?
The main symptom is a swollen, painful, red bump on the edge of the eyelid. You may also have the following:
- Discharge from the eye
- Tearing of the eye
- Scratchy feeling in the eye
- Crusting on the eyelid
When should I see a healthcare provider?
If you have any concerns, or if your sty does not go away after 10 to 14 days, contact your family healthcare provider. You should also contact your healthcare provider if you have any of the following symptoms:
- An eyelid that is swollen shut
- Increased pain with home treatment
- Increased swelling after the first 2 to 3 days
- An eyelid that feels hot
- Thick pus or blood coming from the bump
- Blistering on your eyelid
- Fever or chills
- Vision changes
- Sties that keep coming back
DIAGNOSIS & TESTS
How will my healthcare provider know if I have a sty?
Your family healthcare provider can diagnose a sty by examining your eye. No special tests are needed.
How are sties treated?
Sties can usually be treated at home and should go away in 7 to 10 days. Don’t try any over-the-counter medicines, drops or ointments without contacting your family healthcare provider first.
The following are some things you can do to help your sty go away:
- Put a warm, damp compress on your eye for 5 to 10 minutes, 3 or 4 times a day. The compress should be warm but not so hot that it burns your eyelid.
- Keep the area around your eye clean.
- Avoid touching or rubbing your eye.
- Avoid wearing eye makeup or contact lenses while the sty heals.
- Never try to squeeze or pop any bumps near your eye. Doing this can spread infection.
If a sty requires medical treatment, your healthcare provider may use antibiotics, minor surgery to drain the sty or a steroid injection to reduce swelling. Your healthcare provider may also treat any underlying conditions that are causing your sty or making it worse.
How can I avoid getting a sty?
Anyone can get a sty, but they are more common in people who have any of the following:
- Poor eye hygiene, such as not removing eye makeup at night, using old or infected makeup, or not changing contact lenses frequently enough
- High stress
- Hormonal changes
- Dry skin
- Blepharitis, which is an inflammation of the eyelids that leads to redness, itchiness and the feeling that something is in your eye
- Acne rosacea
The best way to avoid getting sties is to practice good hygiene. Make sure you keep your eyes clean and remove makeup and dirt. Throw away old eye makeup (for example, mascara should be replaced every 2 to 3 months), and do not share makeup with others. Always wash your hands before touching your eyes. If you wear contacts, wash your hands before putting them in and taking them out. Also, make sure that you disinfect your lenses correctly with a contact lens cleaning solution.
QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
- What is the best treatment for me?
- Is it okay for my child to go to daycare with a sty?
- How can I stop my child from scratching or picking at a sty?
- Will the sty go away on its own?
- If the sty hurts a lot, should I take a pain reliever?
- How long will it be before the sty goes away?
- I seem to get sties a lot. Should I consider not wearing contact lenses?