Blood Pressure Lowering Medicine
WHAT IS BLOOD PRESSURE LOWERING MEDICINE USED FOR?
There are several different types of medicine that can treat high blood pressure. High blood pressure makes the heart work harder and can weaken the blood vessels. If it is not treated, high blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure.
Sometimes lifestyle changes are all you need to lower your blood pressure. The changes may include weight loss, having less salt in your diet, and exercise. If these changes don’t lower your blood pressure enough, your primary care provider may prescribe one or more types of blood pressure medicine.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
The different types of blood pressure medicine lower blood pressure in different ways.
· Diuretics help your body get rid of extra salt (sodium) and water. They are also called water pills.
· Beta blockers slow the heart rate. Some beta blockers also relax and open up blood vessels, which helps blood flow more easily.
· Vasodilators, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, and calcium channel blockers relax and open up narrowed blood vessels.
WHAT ELSE DO I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THIS MEDICINE?
· Follow the directions that come with your medicine, including information about food or alcohol. Make sure you know how and when to take your medicine. Do not take more or less than you are supposed to take.
· It may take several weeks or months to find the best treatment for you. Let your primary care provider know how you are doing. This will help you and your primary care provider work together to find the best treatment to keep your blood pressure normal.
· Many medicines have side effects. A side effect is a symptom or problem that is caused by the medicine. Ask your primary care provider or pharmacist what side effects the medicine may cause and what you should do if you have side effects.
· Try to get all of your prescriptions filled at the same place. Your pharmacist can help make sure that all of your medicines are safe to take together.
· Keep a list of your medicines with you. List all of the prescription medicines, nonprescription medicines, supplements, natural remedies, and vitamins that you take. Tell all primary care providers who treat you about all of the products you are taking.
If you have any questions, ask your primary care provider or pharmacist for more information. Be sure to keep all appointments for primary care provider visits or tests.