Assistive Devices for Daily Activities
What are assistive devices?
Assistive devices are tools that help you do everyday tasks and activities more easily and safely. They are used for many types of activities of daily living (ADLs), including:
· Using the toilet
· Getting in and out of bed or chairs
· Taking the correct medicines at the correct time
Some examples of assistive devices are:
· Bath chairs or grab bars in the shower and around the toilet
· Tools to help reach and pick up objects, put on socks or button clothing
· Knives, forks and spoons with large or custom-shaped handles
· Plates with tall sides to prevent food from being pushed off
· Tools that can be used with one hand
· Braces, walkers and canes
· Wheelchairs and scooters
· Eyeglasses or magnifying glass
· Large-print books or magnifiers
· Voice activated computers and modified keyboards
· Hearing aids
· Medication organizers
· Artificial limbs
How do I know if I need an assistive device?
If you think you could benefit from using an assistive device, doctors, physical and occupational therapists, and other healthcare providers can help you decide what might help you. Tell them what daily activities are hard for you. Find out what is available to meet your needs. Sometimes, people are embarrassed to use assistive devices. Once they are comfortable with them, they realize that the device allows them to overcome physical barriers and live more comfortably with a disability.
How can I get assistive devices?
Assistive devices may be sold or rented at pharmacies, hardware stores or medical supply stores. They may also be supplied by an agency providing home care, or given to you when you leave the hospital. You can also look for suppliers in your area in the phone book yellow pages under medical supplies or wheelchair.
Canes and walkers will be adjusted to the right height for you. Usually this is done by a physical therapist.
Braces and artificial limbs need to be specially made to fit you. Specialists fit and make these devices after your healthcare provider or therapist recommends them. Some devices, such as grooming and personal-care aids do not need special fitting.
Some devices are very expensive. Be sure to check with your health plan so you will know how much it may cost to get an assistive device. Some provinces have programs to help seniors with the cost of assistive devices. There are also community and non- profit organizations (e.g., Kiwanis, Lions club, Royal Canadian Legion) that may be able to help with finding some assistive devices. Veterans’ Affairs Canada can also provide some assistance with finding assistive devices to eligible clients.
How do I learn how to use them?
A therapist can show you how to use a device and watch you to make sure you use it correctly. If you have a custom-made device, like a leg brace, you will be taught how to put it on and use it so that it fits properly and is comfortable for you. If you need an assistive device for getting around, like a wheelchair, it may take some practice for you to learn how to use it safely.
An assistive device is most helpful when:
· You understand how to use it and it is easy to use
· It fits properly and does not cause discomfort
Assistive devices may need to be adjusted several times as you learn to use them. If you are having trouble using a device, you can get more training from your healthcare provider or therapist.
For more information
Division of Aging and Seniors
Public Health Agency of Canada
200 Eglantine Driveway
Ottawa, ON K1A 0K9
Veterans Affairs Canada (Monday to Friday, 8:30 to 4:30, local time)
Canadian Red Cross
Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health information sheet http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2012/aspc-phac/HP25-4-2007-eng.pdf
Department of Health and Wellness:
TDD/TTY: 1-800-670-8888 (toll-free)
Prince Edward Island
Department of Health: (902) 368-4900
Health PEI information sheet